It is officially the Republic of Turkey. The language of country is Turkish. Turkey has borders with Bulgaria, Greece, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq and Syria and is located in the middle of Europe and Asia. Many ancient civilizations have been inhabited since Paleolithic age.
Turks began to emigrate from central Asia into Anatolia at the 11 century. After the Seljuk Victory over the Byzantines, Turks started to live here. The Ottomans united Anatolia and created a big empire starting from 13th century. Ottoman Empire defeated on World War I (1914–18).The Turkish War of Independence started by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk and his colleagues in Anatolia, ended with the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923.